Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
119,845
0.0501% 1-year growth
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
37.6
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
31.6%
1.62% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$38,053
10.4% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$113,300
19.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
46,339
1.56% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI had a population of 120k people with a median age of 37.6 and a median household income of $38,053. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew from 119,785 to 119,845, a 0.0501% increase and its median household income grew from $34,477 to $38,053, a 10.4% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (72.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (19.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.69%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.61%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.583%).

5.14% of the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.2% of the residents in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Wayne State University (7,003 degrees awarded in 2022), Wayne County Community College District (1,688 degrees), and College for Creative Studies (325 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was $113,300, and the homeownership rate was 34.8%.

Most people in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 1 car per household.

Population & Diversity

Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is home to a population of 120k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.18% of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (5.01k people).

In 2022, there were 3.82 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (87.2k people) in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.8k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.22k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Spanish (1,607 households), Arabic (628 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (401 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
62,132
Women
51.9%
57,656
Men
48.1%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 119,788 inhabitants, with 48.1% men, and 51.9% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

97.2%
2022 Citizenship
97.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.2% of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    87.2k ± 2.91k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    22.8k ± 1.19k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    3.22k ± 641
2.14%
Hispanic Population
2.56k people

In 2022, there were 3.82 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (87.2k people) in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.8k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.22k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.14% of the people in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are hispanic (2.56k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    738 ± 665 people
  2. Canada
    489 ± 542 people
  3. China
    299 ± 424 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was India, the natal country of 738 Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents, followed by Canada with 489 and China with 299.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.18%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
5.01k people
4.14%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
4.97k people

As of 2022, 4.18% of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents (5.01k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 4.14%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    1,607 households (1.41%)
  2. Arabic
    628 households (0.552%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    401 households (0.353%)

5.14% of the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.41% of the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,292 ± 390
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    802 ± 216
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    718 ± 195

Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI employs 46.3k people. The largest industries in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,679 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,078 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,662 people), and the highest paying industries are Telecommunications, except wired telecommunications carriers ($144,605), Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($119,823), and Computer Systems Design ($118,446).

Males in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,358. The income inequality in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
27,306
Women
54.3%
22,971
Men
45.7%

The workforce of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI in 2020 was 50,277 people, with 54.3% woman, and 45.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI.

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Occupations

46.3k
2022 Value
1.56%
1 Year growth
± 1.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.56%, from 45.6k employees to 46.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, are Other assemblers and fabricators (1,370 people), Customer service representatives (1,290 people), and Cashiers (1,147 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

46.3k
2022 Value
1.56%
1 Year growth
± 1.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.56%, from 45.6k employees to 46.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,679 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,078 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,662 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,478
Median earning men ± $3,520
$34,685
Median earning women ± $1,413

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($70,904), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($64,787), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($64,668).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($55,357), Public Administration ($52,083), and Manufacturing ($47,096).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.09%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI awarded 9,039 degrees. The student population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 14,157 male students and 23,273 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are White (4,830 and 55.7%), followed by Black or African American (2,088 and 24.1%), Asian (774 and 8.93%), and Hispanic or Latino (371 and 4.28%).

The largest universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Wayne State University (7,003 and 77.5%), Wayne County Community College District (1,688 and 18.7%), and College for Creative Studies (325 and 3.6%).

The most popular majors in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (963 and 10.7%), General Business Administration & Management (429 and 4.75%), and General Psychology (355 and 3.93%).

The median tuition costs in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are $48,030 for private four year colleges, and $14,140 and $32,457 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 72.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 25%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 37,430 (37.8% men and 62.2% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 37,430 students enrolled in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, 37.8% men and 62.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 15,423 records, of which 60% were women and 40% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 331 degrees awarded
  2. 252 degrees awarded
  3. 212 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was General Psychology with 331 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 7,003 degrees awarded
  2. 1,688 degrees awarded
  3. 325 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wayne State University with 7,003 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,578 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, which is 0.655 times less than the 5,461 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,830 degrees mean that there were 2.31 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,088 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($48,030) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,742) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,900) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.04% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.62% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (27.4k), Some college (24.8k), and Bachelors Degree (16.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was $113,300 in 2022, which is 0.402 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $94,900 to $113,300, a 19.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is 34.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 23.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Median household income in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is $38,053. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

Property

$113,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,249
$19,683
Median Property Taxes
±$1,044

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

34.8%
Homeownership
2022
61.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 34.8% of the housing units in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 34%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$38,053
Median Household Income
± $1,464
56.6k
Number of Households
± 1,905

In 2022, the median household income of the 56.6k households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew to $38,053 from the previous year's value of $34,477.

The following chart displays the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.471
2022 Wage GINI in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI
0.465
2021 Wage GINI in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI

In 2022, the income inequality in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.17% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (61.6%)
  2. Worked At Home (13.3%)
  3. Walked (8.15%)

In 2022, 61.6% of workers in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (13.3%) and those who walked to work (8.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (23.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.72% of the workforce in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

31.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI (36.3k out of 115k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.5% of the population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 34.2% on employee plans, 37.5% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 9.78% on non-group plans, and 1.78% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1266 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,246 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,266 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19.1% under 18 years, 27.6% between 18 and 34 years, 36.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.7% were men and 53.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.53%
Uninsured
34.2%
Employer Coverage
37.5%
Medicaid
10.3%
Medicare
9.78%
Non-Group
1.78%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew by 2.74% from 6.36% to 6.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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